Reproductive health, therefore, implies that people are able to have a responsible, satisfying and safer sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so. Implicit in this are the right of men and women to be informed of and to have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of fertility regulation of their choice; and the right of access to appropriate health care services that will enable women to go safely through pregnancy and childbirth and provide couples with the best chance of having a healthy infant Waiting until mother is at least 18 years old before trying to have children improves maternal and child health. If an additional child is desired, it is considered healthier for mother, as well as for the succeeding child, to wait at least 2 years after previous birth before attempting to conceive (but not more than 5 years). After a miscarriage or abortion, it is healthier to wait at least 6 months.
The WHO's Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction ,who's research concerns people's sexual and reproductive health and lives, has an overall strategy to combat unsafe abortion that comprises four inter-related activities:
- to collate, synthesize and generate scientifically sound evidence on unsafe abortion prevalence and practices;
- to develop improved technologies and implement interventions to make abortion safer;
- to translate evidence into norms, tools and guidelines;
- and to assist in the development of programs and policies that reduce unsafe abortion and improve access to safe abortion and high quality post abortion care
For Reproductive Health our works to improve the sexual and reproductive health and rights of adolescent and young women. Our work currently focuses on rural areas of Pakistan, where adolescent pregnancy and HIV infection rates are extremely high, and ways to protect themselves from HIV. We have completed studies in Pakistan on the knowledge,
Behaviors and attitudes of families and environment .We are working to develop interventions to improve health services. Who serve young women to expand their clinical knowledge and skills in order to address the full range reproductive health issue.